Abnormal vaginal discharge: Cause, symptoms, and treatment

Jagdish Tandia


Abnormal vaginal discharge

It is normal to have slight wetness from the vagina. This is a natural way to clean yourself through the vagina. The amount and type of discharge can be different on different days of the menstrual cycle. During the reproductive work, this discharge becomes more in quantity and clear and thin like water. Changes in the amount, color, and odor of vaginal discharge can be a sign of infection, but it can be difficult to determine the type of infection. You should get tested by a health worker to find out the type of infection. Keep in mind that sometimes Abnormal vaginal discharge can also be caused by another problem, such as cancer.

IMPORTANT: If you have pelvic pain along with vaginal discharge, you may have PID, which is a serious infection.

Cause of abnormal vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge is a normal function of a healthy body and is a way of cleaning and protecting the vagina. Vaginal discharge is normal during exercise, sexual arousal, ovulation (ovulation), use of birth control pills, and stress. Following are some of the things that can upset this balance such:

  • Use of antibiotics or steroids.
  • Bacterial vaginosis is a bacterial infection that is more prominent in pregnant women or women who have sex with more than one person.
  • Use of contraceptive pills.
  • Cervical cancer (cancer of the cervix)
  • Chlamydia or gonorrhea (STD), a sexually transmitted infection.
  • Diabetes.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge can also occur due to a condom or tampon being left in the vagina or by cleaning the vagina inside.
  • Pelvic infection after surgery.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Trichomoniasis is a parasitic infection usually caused by unprotected sex.
  • Vaginal atrophy, thinning, and drying of the walls of the vagina during menopause.
  • Vaginitis, burning, and discomfort in or around the vagina.
  • yeast infection.

Symptoms of abnormal vaginal discharge


  • Curd-like, white granular, or thread-like discharge.
  • The skin inside and outside the vagina becomes shiny and red, which can also lead to bleeding.
  • Itching inside and outside the vagina
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Bread-like odor.
  • Pain during intercourse
  • bacterial vaginal infection
  • It’s not a puberty disease. If you are pregnant, it can induce premature labor.
  • Vaginal discharge more than usual
  • Fishy smell from the vagina, especially after intercourse and during menstruation. Mild itching around the vagina

Treatment of abnormal vaginal discharge

Treatment of abnormal vaginal discharge depends on the cause of the problem. For example, yeast infections are usually treated with antifungal medications that are used in the form of a cream or gel in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis is treated with antibiotic tablets or creams. Trichomoniasis is usually treated with medication.

This article describes some ways to prevent vaginal infections that can prevent abnormal discharge:

  • Clean the vagina regularly with gentle, mild soap and warm water.
  • Never use scented soap, perfume, or douche. Apart from this, do not use Dio, etc.
  • After going to the bathroom, clean back and forth properly to prevent bacterial infections from entering the vagina.
  • Wear 100% cotton underwear and don’t wear overly tight clothing.

Medicines for abnormal vaginal discharge

IMPORTANT: Medicines should only be taken under the supervision of a trained health worker.

These medicines will cure yeast, trichomonas, and bacterial vaginal infections

Medicines in Box 1’A’ (Select One Only)

Clotrimazole pessary – 500mg – put 1 pessary deep into the vagina (vaginal tablet) Or Jensen Violet Liquid – 1% – Soak a cotton swab with this liquid at night. Place it deep in the vagina. Take it out after a while. Do this for 15 nights.

Medicines Box 1 ‘B’ Medicines

Metronidazole tablet – 400 mg – One tablet after every eight hours orally ie three tablets daily for 7 days This dosage is to be taken

IMPORTANT: Do not consume alcohol in any form during the period of taking Metronidazole tablets.