What is a brain tumor?
Brain tumors are formed when cells grow abnormally in the brain. A bunch of cells is formed in a particular part of the brain. It sometimes turns into a cancerous lump, so brain tumors should never be taken lightly.
What are the causes and risk factors of brain tumors?
The exact cause of the brain tumors is not known exactly, but some causes are believed to be responsible for it, such as the wrong lifestyle, chemical, and pollution found in food and drink, genetic causes, or used in the treatment of a disease. Having radiation can also cause brain tumors.
Although the exact cause of brain tumors has not been known yet, some reasons are believed to be responsible for it, such as the wrong lifestyle, chemical, and pollution found in food and drink, genetic causes, or any disease. Brain tumors can also be caused by radiation used in treatment.
Tumors are usually associated with cancer, although not every tumor is responsible for cancer, it is still very malignant. The brain tumor is a very dangerous disease, it does not only affect the brain, but it affects the whole body because the brain itself operates the whole body. It is very important to identify and treat the symptoms in time.
What are the types of brain tumors?
There are two main types of brain tumors
- Non-cancerous brain tumors – It grows slowly and is less likely to recur after treatment.
- Cancerous brain tumors – It starts as a primary tumor in the brain and gradually spreads to other parts of the brain (secondary tumor). There is a possibility of recurrence even after treatment.
What are the symptoms of brain tumors?
If you see any of the symptoms mentioned below, do not make the mistake of ignoring it, because it indicates a brain tumor.
- Vomiting often when waking up in the morning, especially when moving from one place to another. Do not take it lightly, as it may be a sign of brain tumors.
- Headache is the biggest sign of brain tumors. Patients often complain of a severe headache in the morning, which many times consider a migraine. Such pain should not be ignored as it may be due to brain tumors.
- If there is a tumor in the cerebral, then you find it difficult to maintain the balance of your body.
- In the case of a tumor in the parietal lobe, the sufferer also has difficulty in daily work.
- When a brain tumor occurs, the victim suffers from epileptic seizures and faints repeatedly.
- It may be a sign of brain tumors if the ability to speak is affected, memory decreases, our eyesight begins to decrease.
- Feeling weakness in some parts of the face and sudden weight gain can also be a sign of brain tumors.
Some specific symptoms are also seen in brain tumors, including:
- Pressure and headache near the tumor.
- Difficulty in performing daily activities.
- The partial or complete problem in viewing.
- Changes in speaking, hearing, memory, and emotional state, such as getting angry and having problems understanding words.
- Having trouble catching something, weakness in hands and feet on one side of the body.
- Difficult to look upwards.
- Difficulty in breastfeeding and change in the menstrual period of women.
- Difficulty swallowing, weakness in facial muscles, etc.
How is a brain tumor treated?
If the brain tumors are located in a place where the operation is easy, then your surgeon will try to remove as much of the tumor as possible.
In some cases, the tumor is small and easy to separate from the surrounding brain tissue, which is the perfect condition for complete surgery. Whereas in some other cases, the tumor cannot be separated from the surrounding tissue. Besides, it is located close to sensitive areas in the brain, in which surgery cannot be taken. In this case, your doctor removes the tumor by other safe methods.
Removing the part of the brain tumors can help reduce your disease signs and symptoms.
Surgical removal of brain tumors carries the risk of infection and bleeding. Besides, there may be other problems related to the location of the tumor.
High energy is used in radiation therapy, such as using X-rays to destroy tumor cells. Radiation therapy is performed on the outer part of your body through a machine (external beam radiation). At the same time, in some rare cases, radiation is carried to the brain tumors (brachytherapy) from close to your body.
External beam radiation
External beam radiation treatment can treat the area of your brain where the tumor is located. Apart from this, it can also be used in your entire brain. Radiation throughout the brain is often used to treat cancer that has spread to the brain from any other part of the body.
Side effects of radiation therapy: This procedure depends on the capacity and amount of radiation given. Side effects that occur during or immediately after radiation include fatigue, headaches, and scalp irritation.
Chemotherapy is used to destroy tumor cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be taken in pill form or via injection into a blood vessel. There are many types of drugs available in chemotherapy, which can be used depending on the type of cancer.
Side effects of chemotherapy: depend on the type and dosage of the drugs you take. Chemotherapy can cause nausea, vomiting, and hair loss.
The pain-reducing treatment works to reduce the symptoms of the disease, improve the quality of life, and help the patient and his family. Palliative treatments vary widely. These include medicines, nutritional changes, relaxation techniques, emotional strengthening, and other treatments. Any person can use pain-relieving treatment. Early care in the early stages of the treatment process works better in pain relief. In the meantime, people can also adopt treatments to treat the tumor and reduce its side effects. The symptoms of patients receiving tumor treatment and pain reduction treatment are less severe. Besides, the quality of life of these patients and the report obtained from the investigation of the disease are found to be quite satisfactory.