What is cancer | how many types of cancer | how cancer starts

Jagdish Tandia



On hearing this name ‘Cancer’, an atmosphere of fear is created in the heart and mind because the treatment of coronavirus can be found at one time, but the treatment of cancer has not been made till date and it is rarely possible now, but if the information and With the right treatment, it can be completely controlled.

What is cancer?

The human body is made up of innumerable cells, and these cells keep on dividing continuously. This is a normal process and the body has complete control over it. But sometimes when the body’s control over the cells of a particular part of the body deteriorates and the cells start growing in an unaccounted way, it is called cancer.

How does cancer start?

Cancer begins when the genes of cells in the human body start to change. It is not that there are changes in genes due to any particular reason, it can also change itself or it can happen due to other reasons, such as by eating intoxicants like gutka-tobacco, ultraviolet rays, or radiation, etc. may be responsible for this.

Mostly it has been seen that cancers destroy the immune system cells in the body, but sometimes the cancer cells are not able to withstand the immune system and the person gets an incurable disease like cancers. As cancerous cells continue to grow in the body, a tumor ie a type of lump continues to emerge. If it is not treated at the right time, it spreads throughout the body.

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What are the types of cancer?

Doctors and researchers believe that there are more than 200 types of cancers and that is why their symptoms are also different. But in this article, we will tell only about those cancers, which have made people their victims very fast. Let us know which types of cancers they are –

Blood cancer

Blood cancer is one of the fastest-growing cancers in people. This cancer starts arising in the blood cells of the person’s body, and due to this, there is a lack of blood in the body and cancers start getting infected very fast in the body.

Lung cancer

In lung cancer, the condition of the person becomes very pathetic and worsens. Its main symptoms are difficulty in breathing, difficulty in accumulating mucus, incalculable pain in bones and joints, and loss of appetite. There is a feeling of great weakness in the body. Unnecessarily tired all the time. Smoking is one of the reasons for the increase in lung cancers.

Brain cancer

Brain cancer grows in the head part of a person. A brain tumor is also another name for brain cancers. A tumor i.e. a lump is formed in the brain part of the patient with this cancer and this lump starts getting bigger over time and gradually spreads to the whole brain.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer or also called breast cancer occurs especially in women, but it is not that it cannot happen to men. A type of lump starts to form in the breast of women suffering from these cancers, which gradually starts growing over time. If you want to prevent this, then keep getting regular breast examinations done.

Skin cancer

Cases of skin cancer i.e. skin cancers have also come up very fast in the country. Doctors say those skin cancers grow in the body due to excessive heat, not eating proper food, and not doing zero physical activity. Skin cancers can happen to a person of any age.

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What should be done to detect cancer?

What to do and what not to do in case of cancers is a problem, but what should be done first, we tell you. Consult your doctor by visiting your nearest hospital. Some tests are necessary to know cancer and its stage and based on them, the doctor further treats the patient.


The CBC test does not give definitive information about cancer, but it does know in which direction to take further treatment. The cost of this test is only Rs 400. WBC means white blood cells act as a protector in our body. It keeps the body safe from diseases. In the body of a normal and healthy person, their number varies from 4 thousand to 11 thousand in 1 cubic ml of blood.

CT scan and MRI

After a proper and accurate CBC test, even after treatment, if the report is not good. Then the doctor advises the patient to get a CT scan and MRI done. The cost of CT scans and MRIs starts from around 5 thousand to 7 thousand.

Hemoglobin test

The body that carries oxygen in the human body is called hemoglobin. If someone is more than 60 then the amount of hemoglobin in his body should not be below 10. And if the age is less than 60 years then the amount of hemoglobin should be between 14 to 17 in men and 12 to 15 in women. If the hemoglobin is less or more than this scale, then contact the doctor immediately.


This is a suitable test to confirm the possibility of cancers. In a biopsy, a sample is taken from the patient’s body. Although most often it can be a tumor. The sample confirms whether the cells in the tumor are cancerous or not. The cost of a biopsy is between 5 thousand to 7 thousand.

Cancer is a disease, which slowly grows in our body and takes a terrible form with time. But if its symptoms are identified on time, then it can be controlled.